What are irrigation systems?
Irrigation systems. The garden is to serve us as a place of tranquility, relaxation and rest. When designing it, we know that it has to combine functionality in its design and at the same time delight with its appearance.
The garden has specific functions: representative, recreational and seating. In order for the garden to arouse admiration with its appearance, suitable plants must be selected, and to be able to survive there, they should have an irrigation system. It is worth investing in such a sprinkler, because we then save up to 50% less water than with manual watering and it is less labor-intensive.
The greatest water shortage is in summer. It’s not just about the heat that makes the flowers wither and the lack of rain, sometimes it happens that the soil is so dry that it hinders the penetration of water into the roots of plants.
The irrigation system is a network of pipes distributed under the surface of the ground, armed with sprinklers and electrovalves. The whole is complemented by a controller that controls the operation of the irrigation system without human intervention, taking into account the level of precipitation with the use of a drop sensor, which results in the system being shut down in the event of a rain. The selection of the installation depends on the irrigated land. Light types have better permeability than heavy soils. You should also take into account the speed of water binding in the ground and the depth at which we will water. If the sprinklers are properly selected, we will not have to worry about plants in our garden anymore.
The basic types of sprinklers are:
• Micro-sprinklers – they are used for irrigation rebates and groups of bushes, they are very small, they consist of a spray head and a pin that sticks into the ground. With the irrigation line, they connect with small hoses, spray water into tiny drops, creating a mist. They are easy to assemble, use little water and can work at low pressures, but have a small range and are easy to damage.
• Permanent sprinklers – for watering larger areas and lawns. They are placed in the ground. Thanks to appropriate nozzles, they can water vertebrae with a radius of up to 10 m. They also have a filter to prevent nozzles clogging. Such sprinklers are divided into pop-up and invisible ones. Wynurzalne is such, hidden under the surface of the soil, protrude upwards under the influence of water pressure, and at rest they are hidden and invisible between the grass. We distinguish high-emergent sprinklers, used in clumps of bushes and at rebates, where the nozzle rises 30 cm above the ground, and low, which is used for watering lawns, protruding only 10 cm above the ground. Non-irrigating sprinklers are those that are mounted on a rigid tube and covered with higher plants, e.g. shrubs. Due to the fact that they are quite durable and relatively cheap, they are used in home gardens, unless the sprinkler protruding slightly above the surface of the earth does not bother too much.
• Mobile sprinklers have a large operating range (can be set from 0 to 360 degrees), so they are usually watered with lawns. They have two types of mechanisms that force rotation around their own axis: hammer and turbine. In rotary sprinklers with a hammer or turbine mechanism, a stream of water turns a circle or its any part, evenly spraying the area far and near.
• Dripping devices – consist of a series of drip heads embedded in a polyethylene hose. They are arranged mainly along a hedge or perennial or rose rebate. You can lightly cover it with earth or bark.
• Dripping Minilites – they differ from the above-mentioned dripping devices only in that you can determine the place where the water will flow out.